Engelmann Spruce grows throughout the interior mountain region of British Columbia and on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. It is a medium- to large-sized, evergreen conifer, with a dense, symmetrical, narrow, spire-like crown. Trees range from 1.5 to 5 feet in diameter and 80 to 100 feet in height. The lower branches slope downward, with thin grey bark broken into loose rounded scales.
As dimension lumber, Englemann spruce is extremely versatile because of its high strength-to-weight ratio. Kiln drying helps to prevent natural staining of the wood, improves its strength and increases its resistance to decay. Engelmann Spruce is very similar in appearance to Lodgepole Pine and is often processed together and sold as ESLP.
Engelmann Spruce is usually a cream to almost white color, with an occasional hint of red.
The wood has a fine, even texture, and a consistently straight grain. Numerous live, well spaced, intergrown knots are also common.
Engelmann Spruce is often used in appearance boards, interior furniture and laminated beams. Thanks to it’s ability to take an excellent finish, higher grade lumber is suitable for specialty uses such as music wood. When producing stock for paneling and laminated beams, Kalesnikoff targets at moisture content of 10-12% to ensure maximum stability.